Linux Commands: Print byte, word, and line counts


wc-Linux Command

wc command- Print byte, word, and line counts

Syntax: wc [options]... [file]...

 

Description: wc gives a "word count" on a file or I/O stream:
bash $ wc /usr/share/doc/sed-4.1.2/README
13 70 447 README
[13 lines 70 words 447 characters]
wc -w gives only the word count.
wc -l gives only the line count.
wc -c gives only the byte count.
wc -m gives only the character count.
wc -L gives only the length of the longest line.
Using wc to count how many .txt files are in current working directory:
$ ls *.txt | wc -l
# Will work as long as none of the "*.txt" files
#+ have a linefeed embedded in their name.

# Alternative ways of doing this are:
# find . -maxdepth 1 -name \*.txt -print0 | grep -cz .
# (shopt -s nullglob; set -- *.txt; echo $#)

# Thanks, S.C.

Using wc to total up the size of all the files whose names begin with letters in the range d h
bash$ wc [d-h]* | grep total | awk '{print $3}'
71832
Using wc to count the instances of the word "Linux" in the main source file for this book.
bash$ grep Linux abs-book.sgml | wc -l
50
Certain commands include some of the functionality of wc as options.
... | grep foo | wc -l
# This frequently used construct can be more concisely rendered.

... | grep -c foo
# Just use the "-c" (or "--count") option of grep.

# Thanks, S.C.

Example:

Related: cat, cal, units

Other Linux Commands:
alias , break , builtin , cal , case , cat , cd , cfdisk , chgrp , chmod , chown , chroot , cksum , cmp , comm , continue , cp , cron , crontab , csplit , cut , date , dc , dd , declare , df , diff , diff3 , dir , dircolors , dirname , dirs , du , echo , egrep , enable , env , eval , exec , expand , export , expr , factor , false , fdformat , fdisk , fgrep , find , fmt , fold , for , fsck , function , getopts , hash , hashcharacter , head , history , hostname , id , if , import , install , join , kill , less , let , ln , local , locate , logname , logout , lpc , lpr , lprm , ls , m4 , man , mbadblocks , mkdir , mkfifo , mknod , more , mount , mtools , mv , nice , nl , nohup , passwd , paste , period , popd , pr , printf , ps , pushd , pwd , quota , quotacheck , quotactl , ram , rcp , read , readonly , return , rm , rmdir , rsync , Run , sdiff , sed , select , seq , set , shift , shopt , shutdown , sleep , sort , split , su , sum , symlink , sync , tac , tail , tar , tee , Test , time , times , top , touch , tr , traceroute , true , tsort , tty , Type , ulimit , umask , uname , Unexpand , uniq , units , unset , unshar , until , useradd , usermod , users , uuencode , watch , wc , whereis , which , while , who , xargs , yes ,
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